Improving the soil quality is perhaps the easiest yet the most important thing that permaculture farmers could do to improve their farm yield. Soil quality can be improved in a variety of ways, including adding organic matter to the garden and ensuring proper water drainage, aeration, and water retention. By improving the quality of soil, your crops will be able to get enough nutrients and moisture needed to thrive and produce more yield. High-quality soil also means that your garden will be able to support more plants. This aids in other farming techniques, such as intercropping and vertical growing.
When it comes to an early harvest, there are many vegetable species that you can harvest while they are still immature (technically, that is). These include spinach, beans, peas, broccoli, and carrots. Early harvesting will pave the way for the growth of another crop for a secondary harvest in the future. For instance, once you have cut off the main head of broccoli as your early harvest, the crop will produce at least one more secondary shoot, which will form into another flower head(s) for a later harvest.